Prostate and Testicular Cancer
The prostate and testes are important parts of the male reproductive system. The prostate is a small gland below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It produces the fluid that transports the sperm. The testes create the male sex hormone testosterone, which produces the sperm.
Almost all prostate cancer begins in the prostate gland cells. These cells make the fluid that gets added to the semen. Most prostate cancers develop slowly. Because of that, prostate cancer usually affects older men. Among men, prostate cancer is second only to skin cancer in frequency. Survival rates for prostate cancer are among the highest, and patients have many treatment options available. Learn more about screenings and treatment options by reading our Prostate Cancer Booklet.
Recently diagnosed with prostate cancer?
Here are some recommendations from UT Health urologist Dr. Samay Jain:
- Obtain your complete medical records, including all PSAs and biopsy reports.
- Get a copies of your imaging studies (CT, MRI, etc.) and radiologist's interpretations.
- Place this information in a three-ring binder and take it with you to your medical appointments.
- Put blank paper in your binder for notes.
- Write down questions you have for your doctor and make sure he or she takes the time to answer them.
- Take loved ones to your appointments. Remember, they are your advocates. As the patient, it can be difficult to follow what your physician is telling you, especially in the face of cancer. Loved ones may hear things differently, and may be able to give you a more objective assessment of options. Plus, they are available for support and to ask questions that may not occur to you.
When and how often should you or your loved one get screened? What advances in treatment
have there been?
What are the symptoms? UTMC urologist Dr. Samay Jain has some answers in this video.
Our Eleanor N. Dana Cancer Center now uses MRI technology in the fight against prostate cancer. The MRI helps doctors cut down on unnecessary biopsies, and if a biopsy is needed, it can be more targeted and specific because of the MRI. UTMC urologist Dr. Samay Jain and UTMC radiologist Dr. Jacob Bieszczad discuss this new process.
The testicles contain several types of cells. Any of these cells may develop cancer, and treatment and prognosis will be different depending on the type of cancer cell. Testicular cancer commonly affects younger and middle-aged men.
More Information about Prostate and Testicular Cancer
For more detailed information about prostate and testicular cancer, risk factors, signs and symptoms, common treatment options and more, please explore the resources below:
The National Cancer Institute’s (NIH) detailed information about prostate cancer
The National Cancer Institute’s (NIH) detailed information about testicular cancer
The American Cancer Society’s guide to prostate and testicular cancer